20 March 2017

International Protection in The EU – Summary 2016

In 2016, foreigners submitted 1.2 million applications for international protection in the European Union, according to Eurostat data. It is about 50 thousand less than the number of applicants in 2015. The refugee status was most often seek by Syrian citizens (335,000), Afghanistan (183,000) and Iraq (127,000). Approximately 57 percent of all cases ended with the granting of one form of international protection.

The number of first applications for refugee status in 2016 was made in Germany – 722,000, that is around 60%. Italy registered 121 thousand applications (10 percent), France 76 thousand (6 percent), Greece 50 thousand (4 percent), Austria 40 thousand. (3%), United Kingdom 38 thousand (3%). According to Eurostat data, 9.8 thousand of first applications for international protection were made in Poland. Applications were mainly composed of Russians, Ukrainians and Tajikistan nationals.

Sirian citizens submitted 28% of all applications for refugee status. Most of them – about 80% – were issued in Germany. About 15 % of all applicants came from Afghanistan and 11% from Iraq. Forigneers from these countries have also aplied most often for protection in Germany.

According to the European Asylum Supporting Agency (EASO) 2016 EU + (28 Member States + Norway and Switzerland) issued 1.1 million decisions on international protection. 57 percent. In the case of Syrian citizens (98 per cent of positive decisions), Eritrea (92 per cent), Iraq (61 per cent), Afghanistan (37 per cent). Currently about 820 thousand cases are under examination.

In 2016, the conditions for granting one of the forms of protection in Poland met 390 people. The most numerous beneficiaries of the decisions granting protection were the citizens of Russia (129 people), Ukraine (97 people), Syria (43 people) and Iraq (18 people). In addition, 177 foreigners have received residence permit for humanitarian reasons.

A full Eurostat report on the first applications for international protection in the EU can be found HERE. A summary of the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) is available HERE.