The United Kingdom left the European Union on the basis of the withdrawal agreement on 1st February this year. This document contains, among others, the provisions regulating the rules of stay of citizens of the United Kingdom in Poland after Brexit.
The main assumptions of the withdrawal agreement are:
– the introduction of the transitional period from the effective date of the agreement till 31st December 2020. During that period, the rules of residence and work of citizens of the United Kingdom and their family members in Poland will remain unchanged. This means that the free movement of persons between the UK and the EU will be maintained during that period.
– citizens of the United Kingdom and their family members have the right of residence in Poland after the end of the transitional period if: they exercised the right of residence in Poland in accordance with the EU law before the conclusion of the transitional period and they still live in Poland;
– as a rule, they will acquire the right of permanent residence upon lapse of 5 years of uninterrupted residence. Periods of legal residence or work in accordance with the EU law that occur during the time before the end of the transitional period and afterwards will be assigned to the required period entitling the given person to acquire the right of permanent residence;
– the possession of the right of residence or the right of permanent residence will be confirmed by a document containing the annotation that it was issued in accordance with the withdrawal agreement;
– documents (in the form resembling an identity card) will be issued by voivodeship offices having jurisdiction over the place of residence.
It is currently planned that citizens of the United Kingdom and their family members residing in Poland will be entitled to apply for the aforementioned documents after the end of the transitional period. Documents will identify beneficiaries of the withdrawal agreement after the transitional period.
The United Kingdom citizens and their family members living in Poland for more than 3 months may also register their stay on the existing terms valid for all European Union citizens by the end of 2020. Registration can be made free of charge at the voivodeship office competent for the place of stay. Having a registered residence will facilitate obtaining documents that will identify the beneficiaries of the withdrawal agreement after the transitional period.